fMRI Research Project

Language: English

Country: USA

Date and Time (Local): 18 September 2023- 15H00


Barbara and Kevin Kunz are the bestselling authors of 24 reflexology books published in 24 languages and 56 editions written over the years as reflexology
was explored with the Reflexology Research Project.

Kunz written works are quoted by researchers in twenty research studies. The Kunzes continue to research, write and teach. Currently they are working with neuroscientists in an fMRI reflexology
research project conducted at the University of Minnesota School of Medicine.

To consider proof of concept for reflexology fMRI brain scans were taken as reflexology technique was applied to specific reflex areas of the foot by Kevin. Reflexology work applied to stroke patients
during brain scans is the next project.


The Whole World Is Watching an fMRI Reflexology Study
An idea that spans the globe.
A research project that speaks all languages.

Early April 2023 was the time and the School of Medicine at the University of Minnesota was the place for an fMRI reflexology research study with the news of positive results rocketing around the

Reflexologists Barbara and Kevin Kunz worked with University of New Mexico’s Dr. Stefan Posse and University of Minnesota’s Dr. Essa Yacoub to see what would happen as reflexology technique was
applied to specific reflex areas of the feet of individuals whose brains were being scanned by fMRI.

While further analysis of the brain images is needed, the goal of the study was met: proof of concept for reflexology. The effects of reflexology work long observed by reflexologists has been shown to
have merit.

Lead investigator Dr. Posse noted “unanticipated” observations. Specifically, change in brain scan images during the application of reflexology technique to the feet of study participants were
observed beyond what would be expected by the application of pressure to a foot. Proof of concept for reflexology was thus demonstrated. Dr. Posse also noted “significant results found to be
intriguing,” results to be so intriguing that perceptions about how the human body works could be changed.

The collection of brain images by fMRI during Phase One of Neural Pathways of Applied Reflexology Research Project was the culmination of two years of preparation and raising of the necessary
$25,000 to fund Phase One.

What happened during the study?
We wanted to see potential effect within the brain of technique applied to specific reflex areas as the brains of volunteer participants were scanned. The selection of reflex areas on the feet for inclusion was decided in reference to clinical experience and research data gathered during previous fMRI studies. While the reflex areas are mirrored on both feet, the decision was made to apply technique to the left foot.

A pattern of technique application appropriate to fMRI brain scanning was used. Technique was applied to the left foot in what is called an 8/12 block: 8 seconds of stimulation (technique
application) and 12 seconds of rest. This continued for five minutes to each reflex area. Applied for five minutes was the hook and back-up technique to the pituitary reflex area. Applied for
five minutes was the thumb walking technique to each of the following: vagus nerve reflex area, adrenal gland reflex area, eye reflex area and temporal lobe reflex area A delightful surprise has been the joyful response from reflexologists in 52 countries around the globe:

USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Croatia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Georgia,
Greece, Malta, Lebanon, Cypress, Turkey, Israel, Cuba, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Tunisia, Togo, Ghana, Kenya, Benin, Congo, South Africa, Sudan, Mozambique, MalawiIndonesia, Australia,
New Zealand, Singapore, Japan, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Hong Kong, Romania.